Bad art is doing so well these days, and the reason is people want the message. An early symptom is the rapid first-personism of film critics: “I feel …” is a hard one, because who can disprove a feeling? A more unbiased claim is suggested by the alternate location “Like…” —where “it” means that the emotion in question should motivate anyone. The sanctity of the vast church is more difficult to challenge than just a first person. Meanwhile, negative judgments are heading towards being prohibited as long as the work wears good intentions on its sleeve.
This is not a question of honesty. Oscar Wilde said, “All bad poetry comes from real emotion,” and on The Importance of Being Diligent, Algernon recoiled from the display of affection by the happily married: “It looks so bad. It is simply washing clean linen in public. ” Much of the admired and well -rewarded art of our time consists of washing clean linen in public.
That the artist must have a function separate from existing cultural or political equipment is not necessarily an eternal idea. It dates back to the mid-18th century and found its clearest formulation in Friedrich Schiller’s Letters on Human Aesthetic Education (1795). You may know a work of art, Schiller wrote, by a promise that looks like a detachment. It doesn’t want you to go out and do something. It was a radical proposal, rather than a virtue at home in the Age of Enlightenment. The taste of age is more truly represented by the tragedy of Joseph Addison’s verse Cato (1712), Whig propaganda for a civic-republican ideal gave pleasure to three generations of viewers, but the feelings they warmed now were so cold that it was impossible to imagine how those people felt. The same is true of the high art celebrated by the ancien regime — for example, an artist like François Boucher.
The successful actor shared with the politician the repeated temptation to indulge in emotional claptrap. Bernard Bosanquet in Three Lectures on Aesthetic (1915) suggested that this desire to chase tears or laughter could be suppressed by attaching art-emotion to a particular object and not a set of reactions. His fruit of the meaning of art is “feeling expressed for the sake of expression.” Notice, however, that this is something that only the madman dreams of wanting in real life. Our daily expression of emotion is spontaneous and practical; they are never “for revelation.” On the contrary, the aesthetic feeling is self -sufficient.
The film by Jean-Luc Godard Panting dealing with a young thug and his woman and the binge of cheating, flying, and infidelity their infatuation puts on them. Nothing compels us to think that these people are wonderful human specimens. Nor do we think they are disgusting. It is enough that they are interesting, and their surface attractiveness accounts for most of the impact. There was a moment quite early when the protagonist turned to the camera and addressed the audience: “It’s pretty, the campaign…. If you don’t like the sea — if you don’t like the mountains — if you don’t like the city: go and do it.”(The beauty, the countryside. If you don’t like the sea — if you don’t like the mountains — if you don’t like the cities: to hell with you.)
Does Godard say, “Relax, this is just a movie”? The moment seems to convey a sharper advice: “I don’t care if you like it, but you don’t walk out. You will be interested — in time, you will wonder why. ” Disrespect is accompanied by a strange freedom and indifference. It surprised the viewer’s desire for a rehearsed response, the click trap in the standard plot.
Iris Murdoch stated in her essay “Against Dryness” (1961) that modern writing has inherited from liberalism and romanticism an image of people as agents of moral choice. However, “we are not,” he wrote, “the monarchs in all we have examined, but the depressed creatures are immersed in a fact that nature is constantly and extremely tempted to transform fantasy. ” The work of the artistic conscience is to remind us of that deformation.
“One is eternally opposed to Marxism,” Murdoch added, because “truth is not a given whole.” But liberalism, too, is an advocate of false understanding: “Our sense of form, which is an aspect of our desire for comfort, can be a danger to our sense of reality as a rich shrinkage of background. ” The experience offered by art is not yet in place, not yet overtaken; and if you understand truth as a given whole, you don’t need art. You can create works of fantasy or rejiggered reality, educate the audience on the right emotions, and hope to cure some aspect of reality, but the result is not expression but propaganda, or magic, or medicine.
Between the 2020s and the earlier age of consent, in the 1950s, the language of the cliché shifted from being respectable to the middle class — the bright idea of films like Executive Suite (1954) at Marjorie Morningstar (1958) —on the current Hollywood agenda of the inclusive and marginalized. In the film last year The Power of the Dog, an early-20th-century frontier businessman was relieved of the burden of his macho-sadist brother when he was secretly infected with anthrax by his gay stepson. Just in case Top Gun: Maverick, the loner protagonist leads a diversity-checked squadron of fighter pilots to bomb a uranium-enrichment site in Iran. The first of these films is clear and high -brow, the second flash and low -brow, but they share an optimistic moral. Eliminating bad people includes a brotherhood of good and true.
“Like once there were bourgeoisie in common,” André Gide wrote Returned from the USSR (1937), “so now there are revolutionary common areas” —but let’s say the same about anesthetic uplift in general — catchphrases and righteous slogans that, although “extremely successful today, are about to blow out of noses tomorrow of the unbearable smell of the clinic. ” That smell has been with us for a decade or so, and it’s not fading.